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Posts Tagged future

Australia’s future workforce? Robert Hickson Jun 29

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Australia’s Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA) has released a door-stopper of a report called Australia’s future workforce?

It explores a range of themes and issues associated with changing workforces, with chapters from academics (largely), industry representatives, and policy people. CEDA is a respected non-profit organisation for economic and social issues; the equivalent of the Conference Board of Canada. The report considers global and national trends in relation to the Australian labour market.

The chapter on “The impact of computerization and automation on future employment” applies Frey & Osborne’s approach to modelling the affects of automation on the workforce (see my previous post on that), and concludes that 40% of Australia’s current jobs have a “high probability” of being automated in the next 10 to 15 years (compared with 50% in the US). These are largely manual, administrative and sales jobs.

They then attempt to model that at regional levels. Not surprisingly many mining-related jobs seem highly likely to become automated. But they also look at jobs in local government. Time will tell whether they are right or wrong in their models and predictions, but it is a useful exercise in taking the abstract to the more particular to raise awareness of emerging issues.

What about New Zealand’s future workforce? There hasn’t been much sophisticated analysis here yet. Such an approach as CEDA’s report would be useful for New Zealand as well.

It’s not just the type of jobs that people should be looking at. Another recent report from the international consultancy firm Arup, called Rethinking the factory, is one of a range of similar reports noting that new technologies are not just replacing or changing the human workforce in the manufacturing sector, but are changing how factories are being constructed an operated.

The lithium battery manufacturer 24M is being heralded as an example of this, where the effort is going into improving manufacturing processes, not just the products. So are others such as AtFAB, which sends customers the files for its designs, who can then make them themselves or go to a local maker shop. So far AtFAB only makes furniture out of plywood, so there’s a way to go before more high-end products can be made in this way for larger segments of the population.

In New Zealand (as elsewhere), there’s hope for start-ups to diversify the manufacturing sector. However, it is usually a long hard (and often unsuccessful) road from start-up to major global exporter. New Zealand already has a relatively strong manufacturing sector, although a big chunk of this is made up of food companies (where profit margins are low).

Such apparently mundane items as bearings are getting the sexy smart make-over. Manufacturers are blurring the boundary between product suppliers and service companies. Can more New Zealand firms succeed in this new arena?

One hundred years hence Robert Hickson Apr 19

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Over the next week New Zealanders (& Australians) are looking back a century to remember and honour a tragic battle in a foreign land. There are a lot of activities and discussions happening about Gallipoli and how it subsequently influenced New Zealander society.

It is right and important to reflect on our history, both the good and the bad. What is missing, however, is discussion about our society’s future.

“Study the past if you would define the future.”  ― Confucius

What do we want New Zealand to look like in 2115? That we aren’t looking forwards as well as backwards now seems a lost opportunity. Many of those who went off to war did so with some regard to protecting our way of life and ensuring future well being.

Looking to the future, particularly as a society, is always harder than looking to the past. But if not now, when?

Now is opportune, given the impetus of Gallipoli and other factors. The Constitutional advisory panel started a “conversation”,  that appears to have reached an awkward silence. And, whether we like it or not, we’ll be considering our national flag.

In 2012 the Transit of Venus Forum looked at New Zealand’s future through a science and technology lens. And the Royal Society of New Zealand, following the last census, has looked forward at what our society may look like based on demographic changes. Meanwhile, Generation Zero is helping to involve younger people in future decisions.

These should stimulate us to look ahead, connect more across different groups and interests, and talk more broadly about aspirations for our society – how egalitarian, independent, “high tech”, bucolic, wealthy, caring, or whatever, would we want the place where our ancestors will live? What will it really mean to be “the place where talent wants to live “ many decades from now?

New Zealand appears good at holding fora, but poor at sustaining meaningful actions from them. How do we change that?

We are facing fundamental changes in our energy and economic systems, along with other substantial technological  geopolitical, environmental, and social transformations. We won’t be able to control many of them, but we can be better prepared to anticipate and respond to some of them.

A fitting tribute to those who fought for us in the past would, in addition to dawn services and other commemorations, be more active contemplation of what we’d like our country to be 100 years from now, and what we can do to help achieve it.  Shouldn’t we putting more effort into shaping our future than we do in memorializing our past?

By the time the 100th anniversary of World War Two comes around we can have more securely set New Zealand on the path to an affluent, equal, happy and sustaining society.

Uncertain predictions Robert Hickson Feb 19

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“Active open-minded thinking” and “massive ignoramus”. Those are views on what makes a good forecaster according to two  “super-forecasters” from Philip Tetlock’s and IARPA’s Good Judgment Project.  It also helps if you forecast as part of a team with other good forecasters.

But some things are more predictable than others.

Michael Burnam-Fink, in a paper in Futures, cites a observation made by Frederick Pohl in Arc 1.2  that, in science fiction stories at least, there has been better success in correctly predicting developments related to engineering where there are already well developed plans and research projects (space, weapons systems, etc), than in the biological and psychological fields, where hypotheses and theories rather than engineering solutions dominate.

No surprises there, its easier to make accurate predictions when there is more certainty. But those enthralled by new developments often forget that.

This is illustrated by MYOB’s recent Future of Business Report – New Zealand in 2040, where Simon Raik-Allen describes with complete certainty how we will all be living, or doing business. No ifs, buts, or maybes.

Including some uncertainty into your predictions is also good practice.

Rules for predicting geopolitical events have been proposed. Though I consider them as simply guidance about human behavior rather than predictive tools. These “rules” are not mutually exclusive, they can be contradictory, and they don’t describe clear outcomes.

But, as Nesta notes, making predictions is the easy part, doing something about them is much harder.

Being better prepared for the future doesn’t mean simply getting better at predicting, it also means being better prepared to make decisions in the face of uncertainties.

Amazon buys Santa’s workshop Robert Hickson Dec 22

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Following on from the Listener’s highlighting of employment condition concerns at Santa’s workshop Amazon has just announced that it has acquired the global manufacturing and logistics enterprise for an undisclosed sum (rumoured to be in excess of US$15 billion). Alibaba would not confirm whether it too had attempted to buy the family-owned company.

A combination of impending industrial action, competition from emerging economies and the need to relocate the company’s head office and main distribution centre due to unstable climatic conditions are thought to have prompted the sale.

Amazon is also not without its own labour relation problems, but it is understood that the International Elf Union has negotiated an attractive living wage and maximum hour collective agreement for its members. Spokeself for the Union, Lee Golas, stated that the agreement is a short-term measure that will be revisited next year before robotic production lines and industrial scale 3D-printer FabLabs are established. Mr Golas also indicated that relocation of the facilities to more arboreal lands was a significant factor in reaching an agreement. He appeared unconcerned about whether a long term contract could be negotiated, and made reference to “white gulls crying” and “our days are ending and our years failing” that suggest a fully automated company in the future.

It is understood that Amazon will be deploying swarms of drones to assist delivery of presents this Christmas because of animal rights group concerns about the use of Reindeer, and by lobbying from the influential “Mothers With Children Allergic to Reindeer And Don’t They Carry Lyme Disease Too?!”

Elon Musk and Neal Stephenson have expressed interest in building a suite of Space Xmas fabrication facilities in geostationary orbits, connected to space elevators and Hyperloop distribution lines.

Confidential sources report that Amazon is negotiating a contract with Palantir Technologies to improve efficiency in the seasonal gift prediction and distribution service. It is understood that Palantir will collect and analyse social media and national intelligence service information to determine which children (and adults) have been “good”. Industry analysts speculate that a five star rating for goodness may be introduced. A spokesperson for Palantir would neither confirm nor deny the venture but noted that as a matter of company policy privacy and security protection of the information it collects is an “immutable log”.

The founder and owner of the North Pole company, Mr S. Claus, did not respond to requests for comment. However, a spokeswoman for Coca-Cola™ Amantil indicated that Father Christmas played an important role in the company’s history and it looked forward to working with Amazon on marketing opportunities in the future.

A spokesperson for Google declined to comment directly on Amazon’s latest acquisition but indicated that a major announcement “with bells on!” was likely to be made by Google X in the new year.

Christmas 2024 Robert Hickson Dec 17

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I’m starting to get the hang of Holoblogging now, though usually the holographic images are more disquieting than informative and they leave me feeling queasy.

People don’t seem to spend as much time reviewing the “year that was” now. They’re more interested these days in sifting the data streams to predict what’s coming up.

But for me the four biggest events this year involved data, drugs or droids:

Google.govt.nz. It was only a matter of time. We’ve already had public private partnerships in roads, prisons, schools, and defence, so letting the private sector manage data from government wasn’t too big a step to take. Especially not after the continued data breaches from government agencies. Still, it’s one thing to let Google collect all my private online data and history, and another for them to also hold my salary, tax and medical histories.

Of course they say it’s all held separately, with the government data only in the new server farm down near Lake Manapouri. (How much cheaper would our power be if they’d diverted all that hydropower back into the national grid?) But surely there’s a backup or two elsewhere, that’s just good business practice. Both Google and the government are distinctly cagey about that.

I must say the service has been good though, and the Personal Data Display App is great for monitoring and controling which agencies have access to my data. No major breaches, or inappropriate targeted advertising yet. But it’s only been a year, and time will tell whether it has been a smart move.

The other big data story was, of course, the  “Data dairying” challenge. I wasn’t a player, but Fonterra’s MilkMade™ game App has they say helped them train their machine learning system (Ultimate Dairying Diagnostics for Environmental Reporting) to identify patterns and problems in the sensor data from their farming and processing operations. It’s encouraging that they’ve promised to keep making the data available online too.

“Cucumber solids”. Something good, at least, has come out of the offshore iron sands and rock phosphate mining. Sea cucumbers have thrived in some of the silt-laden sites near the mining operations. They may not be as familiar as milk solids yet, but their bioactive properties seem more likely to lead to greater economic returns if the compounds make it through clinical trials and regulatory approvals in the US and China. And the start-ups out of Victoria and Auckland Universities hold onto their IP. I’m guessing, though, that we’ll see more value out of the simpler natural health products that are starting to be produced from wee beasties.

DIY ‘Droid Army.  The severe tropical storms that hit Whangarei and other parts of Northland in June brought out the 64-bit maker crowd again (that’s still a clunky term, but not as bad as “Number 8 wire 2.0” that some started using). Of course most of the semi-autonomous homemade systems were hopeless in the rain and mud and rocks cleanup, and did more harm than good until civil defence shut them down.

But ShedWorx’s exoskeleton was the exception. The video clip of the Mayor’s mum in one helping reinforce a seawall will be gold to the company, as well as to the Mayor’s re-election campaign (though her mum may get more votes).

Trying to spot the artificially intelligent HBloggers this year has been an interesting distraction. It’s getting harder of course. I’m relieved that the blogger known as “Blubber” wasn’t an AI. That would be tragic, going to all that effort to create a “smart “system that was deliberately dumb just to bottom feed and cause offense. Still, my prediction for 2025 is that that it will happen.

Extreme futuring Robert Hickson Sep 04

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It would be a reliably accurate prediction that Zager & Evans’ “In the year 2525″ will not be at the top of most futurist’s best song ever written list

YouTube Preview Image

Looking 500 years & more ahead is unusual for your common or garden futurist. Most at the moment are only looking out to the year 2030 or 2050.

However, earlier this year “From Quarks to Quasars” created an infographic looking at a possible future of the Universe and parts there in. Its big, as you’d expect so here are just a few snippets. See the whole timeline in greater detail at their website.

They start out 36,000 years from now

fotu36k

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars
http://www.fromquarkstoquasars.com/the-future-of-the-universe/

 

Move quickly past 1 million years

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

 

Beyond 1 billion too

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

 

1 trillion (really?!)

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

 

Till a bitter dark wimpering end maybe 100 trillion years into the future

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

Copyright: From Quarks to Quasars

 

That’s more than enough cosmic physics to make most futurists humble.

 

“What’s next?” from General Electric Robert Hickson Sep 02

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General Electric links back 50 years to an article by Isaac Asimov to promote the technologies its betting on for the future.

Writing after a visit to the 1964 “World’s Fair” Asimov speculated in the New York Times, what technologies would be around in 2014. [World Fairs didn't survive that long, but Expo's have taken their place - Milan is hosting one next year]. You can read Asimov’s piece and note both things that he predicted fairly well (such as mini computers powering robot brains, autonomous vehicles, internet-like communication) and things he didn’t (underground cities with artificially lit vegetable gardens, levitating vehicles, experimental fusion reactors, moon colonies)

Serendipitously,  Arthur C. Clarke was also visiting the World’s Fair and making predictions in 1964.

But back to GE. They have created “What’s next?” and  #nextlist to generate discussion (and good PR, presumably) about future technologies

GE nextlist

Source: http://generalelectric.tumblr.com/post/94815605699/50-years-ago-famed-science-fiction-author-isaac

 

Their List has six technology areas that they have an interest in:

Extreme Machines:
Technologies will perform in any situation and any place, no matter how severe.

Super Materials:
What used to be heavy will be the lightest and strongest it’s ever been.

Industrial Internet:
Machines will help us make smarter decisions by talking with us and each other. We will be able to plan downtime, redirect resources and make entire industries from healthcare to power generation more efficient.

Mapped Minds:
We will see and understand the brain better than ever. As a result, severe neurological diseases like Alzheimer’s will become manageable.

Brilliant Factories:
The next industrial revolution will bring unseen level of productivity. With the cloud’s help, we will 3D-print any part, anytime, anywhere.

Energy Everywhere:
New forms of reliable power will reach places far off the grid.

No surprises there for future watchers – better, faster, stronger, lighter, connected.

The “mapped minds” item acknowledges their involvement in medical imaging. The term “brilliant factories” relates to having a “feedback loop from design to product engineering to manufacturing engineering to manufacturing and supply chain operation to services and back” so development and production occur more quickly, and smoothly.

In a companion paper on “The future or work” [Pdf] GE also discuss what they call brilliant machines, which  are “predictive, reactive and social”. They note, in passing, that some human jobs will go, but that they say just provides opportunities to shift to more creative and fulfilling jobs.

All is ultimately good:

it will reshuffle the competitive landscape for both companies and countries, and it will fundamentally change—for the better—the way we work and the way we live.

That’s a bit too glib, but of course they wouldn’t be saying otherwise. Its mostly about technology push, as you’d expect from a manufacturer. But as Asimov’s article 50 years ago shows, not everything will happen how or when you expect it to.

Meanwhile over at MIT’s media lab they are attempting to teach ethics to engineers via science fiction. That’s a start, but it would be useful to involve real ethicists and other humanities professors in their courses (if they don’t already) so the students get a proper academic grounding. Would an arts department put Arthur C. Clarke & Isaac Asimov on their reading lists to teach students about space ship design principles?

 

Signs from the near future Robert Hickson May 20

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A tumblr site called Signs from the near future by Fernando Barbella imagines what technologies may be widely used not so long from now. Its cleverly done, and gets you thinking. Although the strapline “We better get used to them …” implies a lack of control or choice, which I hope won’t be the case.

The Verge highlighted the work.

The signs cover autonomous vehicles, lab grown meat, “smart contact lenses,

Jet pack rentals (Yeah, right)

http://signsfromthenearfuture.tumblr.com/image/85813121025

http://signsfromthenearfuture.tumblr.com/image/85813121025

 

and synthetic biology and neural implants

http://37.media.tumblr.com/f700cc4cb5d0a3ba6ea7e97ea0bb13aa/tumblr_n5faakqs8S1tbaq2ro1_1280.jpg

http://37.media.tumblr.com/f700cc4cb5d0a3ba6ea7e97ea0bb13aa/tumblr_n5faakqs8S1tbaq2ro1_1280.jpg

 

 

Counting sheep scenarios Robert Hickson May 14

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I’ve just come across this research project – Counting sheep - being run by Anne Galloway at Victoria University’s School of Design. It is exploring how cultural studies and design research could support public engagement on the development & use of science and technology.

In a post last year I had asked if any NZ design groups were interested in foresight. It is good to see that there is interest.

Anne’s team is interested in what could be done with the increasing amount of information being generated by farming. They have developed four scenarios about possible futures of merino sheep farming, and are now soliciting feedback from the public to see what appeals and doesn’t about the particular uses of science and technology, and potential future farming practices.

The scenarios are:

Boneknitter – using merino wool as a knitted cast to help fix broken bones

Grow Your Own Lamb – you choose how to have a lamb raised on a farm on in a lab for your later dining pleasure.

Kotahitanga Farm – high tech farming on the urban fringe, where you can monitor animal and farm performance through a suite of sensors

PermaLamb – a genetically modified and cyborg lamb to look after at home, and receive tax credits

The last scenario is particularly off the wall. Boneknitter and Kotahitanga reach back to include some more traditional practices. If they tweak the Kotahitanga scenario by providing cheap-ish shepherd cottages that could also help address housing affordability near major centres. But I can imagine the price of lamb if it was growing next to Auckland. Grow your own lamb seems to offer the potential for a reality TV spin-off.

Great to see this imaginative approach being taken here. I’ll look forward to reading the results.

A myopic vision of the future Robert Hickson May 05

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The New York Times has a disappointing short article/graphic titled “A vision of the future from those likely to invent it“.

Disappointing because they interview only 7 people, all from/associated with Silicon Valley, who are supposedly “driving the technological transformation”. Sure the internet is likely to have a large role in our future lives, but they have taken a very limited view of the future – technologically and geographically. Energy, food, demographics, urban environment, health care, manufacturing and the social sciences hardly get a look in.

Granted we only get brief sound bites from the interviewees, but its all fairly unsurprising – drones, wearable computing, personalised medicine, implantable chips, virtual reality.

They do add a twist by asking what jobs technology will get rid of in the short term. But again, fairly trite. I think we’ll still have pilots on commercial flights 10 years from now (though probably with less actual flying to do).

They touch on “what’s next to undergo a sea change in social acceptance” as well. Marc Andreessen makes a good point, I think, about  ”… a more generalised acceptance of widespread variations in human behaviour”. But Peter Thiel’s big issue seems out of left field –  (american) football becoming unacceptable. (Boxing seems to be under going a small revival despite the known dangers, and there is an awful lot of money, and university prestige tied up in football).

Ev Williams suggests factory farming will disappear. That seems optimistic – how will americans be able to rapidly shift to a new way of food production?

In a companion piece, the Times redeems itself, somewhat, by noting how the views of Silicon Valley greats vary from starry-eyed to pragmatic when talking about how “Tech” (aka information technology) can “save the world”.

Its often more useful not to talk to inventors about how they think their inventions will change the world. The BBC highlights some wonderful (and some not so) inventions, on display at Dublin’s Science Gallery that failed to succeed.

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