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Posts Tagged Josh Bailey

Seeing cosmic rays aimee whitcroft Jun 15

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Like, for real. With the naked eye.

Cosmic ray tracks in a cloud chamber

Cosmic ray tracks in a cloud chamber

Another post courtesy of Josh Bailey*, who has been building cloud chambers and documenting the resulting, well, results. I _meant_ to write on the subject, since it’s so frikkin’ cool, but have been somewhat swamped by other things in which I am involved**.

So! Without further ado:

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I always find devices that let you observe some basic, not to mention beautiful property of the universe irresistible. And cloud chambers are the very definition of such devices.

A cloud chamber uses cool alcohol vapour to make visible – in real time, right before your eyes – the trails of the particles (from alpha particles to high energy cosmic rays) that would otherwise invisibly pass you by – or even make their way through you. Particles move through the vapour leaving an ionised (slightly charged) trail – that causes the vapour to condense in a visible streak.

The key operating feature is the cool alcohol vapour that makes the trails visible. There are different cloud chamber designs (that differ in how the vapour is generated, how the trails are illuminated and cleared). The most simple chambers use dry ice to provide the vapour – but the system I’m going to describe here uses a cold water, a heat exchanger and a Peltier cooler.

It is almost as simple as just add water. Cold water is pumped through a heat exchanger, and a Peltier cooler is sandwiched in between the exchanger and a round chamber containing a little isopropyl alcohol, all at ordinary air pressure. The cooler continuously extracts heat from the chamber, causing the alcohol to turn into a vapour. LEDs are situated at the base of the chamber, illuminating the coldest vapour that is just on the point on condensation – ripe for some hapless particle to ionise.

The last remaining feature to describe is a high voltage (modestly high voltage – 1000s of Volts, at a very low current) to sweep away old ions. This is introduced by a metal pin at the top of the chamber, connected to the a high voltage supply.

Pictures here

Video here

BUYING THE KIT SO YOU CAN _MAKE_ ONE here

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* Who appears to be enjoying writing about his…projects :)

** More details on those soon. Just think nerdnite Wellington. And an art exhibition. And, um, a host of other things bubbling away, too :)

Cyborging aimee aimee whitcroft Jun 03

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UPDATE: moar pics here, here and here.

As mentioned, I broke my wrist a few weeks ago.

aimee aap

please note: I am _directly_ plugged into a computer here. * happy sigh *

Which caused me no small amount of unhappiness, given that I was soon to be travelling to the San Francisco Bay Area to, well, get my geek on :)

Thankfully, I am surrounded by other geeks, with strange and mysterious powers, and it was one of these that suggested that we cyborg me.  Because what else would one possibly do with a cast, right?

(Funnily enough, I’ve now had friends commenting on wishing they were casted up, so that they could attach circuitry to themselves :P  Further, I am wondering whether this might be the first time this has been done…)

And, even better, I would then be able to attend the SF MakerFaire thus modified.  There’s a quick video, taken there, of aap running.

For those of you interested in exactly what was done to me, I’ve had its designer/maker, Josh Bailey, explain below:

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Aimee broke her wrist. What to do? Make use of the newly available inanimate surface area, of course. Behold the Aimee Arm Processor, recently modelled by Aimee at the San Francisco Bay Area Maker Faire.

Arduino’s [1] all the rage, and most other microcontrollers are merely players. Back in my day we had to LDA, STA uphill both ways through zero page, bank switching all the way [2], but with Arduino many things are embarrassingly easy. Aimee and I had been discussing cellular automata recently [3], and it was not too much of a challenge to find an Arduino board with sufficient guts to drive an LED matrix [4] (on rechargeable battery even).

Sparkfun.com indeed. I ordered an Arduino Pro 328 (3.3V, 8MHz model), 8×8 LED matrix, and an 850mAh battery – the latter about the dimensions of a matchbook, and quite happily runs AAP for almost a week.

Low parts count was a specific design goal, so I went with the direct drive approach [5] – the LED matrix is directly connected to the processor’s I/O pins, and the magic is done in software (i.e. patterns are raster scanned [6] onto to the LEDs so only one row is actually lit at once, but you see more than than due to persistence of vision [7] – maybe Aimee will let me write something about narrow bandwidth mechanical TV [8] sometime – oops distracted). It is possible to drive multiple LED matrices but that would’ve added parts – though one imagines we could’ve broken Aimee’s other arm for more real estate. One imagines.

After a virtuous amount of soldering, swearing, and scorching myself with hot glue the pieces came together (I used an old Ethernet cable and some spare resistors). Sparkfun’s data sheets were incorrect, so had to do some reverse engineering to determine actually which pins controlled what rows/columns. A minor thing but always adds to one’s sense of accomplishment.

And the code? Well, I wrote my own and it is available on request; much example Conway/Arduino code uses interrupts [9] (implementing a convenient background task that updates the display for you) and copies 2D arrays back and forth (not particularly CPU efficient). Most Arduino processors have more than enough CPU for that – but I went with the interleaved, swap pointers for frame buffers approach [10]. More complex but seemed true to my 8 bit roots [11].

Footnotes:

1. Ardunio – a bewilderingly awesome open source gem of hardware and software that makes it easy to build things that do anything from blink lights to fly unmanned aerial vehicles

2. My first computer of was a C64 – STA/LDA are 6502/6510 machine language instructions

3. So called artifical life – cells that live or die, by a small number of logical rules, generally within a 2 dimensional space – like Conway’s Game of Life

4. LED matrix – a grid of light emitting diodes, essentially efficient light bulbs that can be switched on or off to create images

5.  The direct drive approach

6. Raster scanning – in this context, building up a picture by drawing successive lines of pixels

7. The effect thought to be behind why humans perceive motion from rapidly presented images, called Persistence of Vision

8. Mechanical TV – or so called Narrow Bandwidth Television. Using a spinning disc or mirror to draw a picture

9. Interrupt – a way for hardware or software to grab a processor’s attention for something and then return it to where it left off.

10. Frame buffer – in this context, an area of memory used to describe which LEDs should be on or off

11. I’m old, another reference to C64s.

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So yeah.  That’s how it’s done, peeps.  Stay tuned for other such techie tales :P  Also, an interesting notion: using the Conway Glider as an emblem for hackers…

[oh, and P.S. I figured out what was causing issues with comments section, so feel free to comment in the knowledge that it will not disappear]

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