Book Review: Evolution: How We and All Living Things Came to Be by Daniel Loxton
Reading level: Young Adult
Price: US$12.89, NZ$40.99
Hardcover: 56 pages
Publisher: Kids Can Press, Ltd. (February 1, 2010)
Today, February 12, is Darwin Day. The anniversary of Charles Darwin’s birth 201 years ago. So I have decided to review a new book on evolution.
It’s a short book, but an important one. Important because it’s for kids – it’s aimed at children of ages 8 — 13. It’s about an important area of science, evolutionary science. I think kids will learn from this book, and they will enjoy the experience.
’Evolution’ is beautifully illustrated and clearly written. Important evolutionary ideas are well explained in brief sections, often illustrated with examples and metaphors as well as pictures. Daniel Loxton is the editor of Junior Skeptic and regularly writes and illustrates for children so he is the ideal author for such a book.
I like the way that many of these sections use questions as chapter headings. ’What about us?’, ’Survival of the fittest?’, ’If evolution really happens, where are the transitional fossil?’, ’How could evolution produce something as complicated as my eyes?’ are a few examples. The sorts of questions kids will commonly hear. Loxton devotes the second part of his book to such questions, ones commonly raised by creationist critics of evolution. This is good technique for capturing the reader’s attention and encouraging them to read further.
Loxton uses many examples and metaphors, as well as pictures, to illustrate ideas. His illustration of mutations acting over time with the metaphor of the children’s’ game ’telephone’ is done in both words and pictures.
My main criticism is that he didn’t use a metaphor to illustrate the important idea of ’deep time.’ A simple description of rock layers and differentiation of fossils is inadequate — even for an adult. One needs to compare the immensity of time with something pictorial, like the distance between people, houses, cities, countries, planets, and so on. An illustration of the process of fossilisation could also have helped.
However, kids of this age are continuously learning. They are always confronting ideas and words needing further explanation. So I think it is great that this book includes a short glossary (which does include a description of fossilisation) and index. This helps encourage the young reader to explore further — especially when they come across unfamiliar words.
The religion question
Several reviewers have expressed reservations about Loxton’s short answer to the question ’What about religion?’ Perhaps it would have been better to leave this out — but on the other hand it is a common question which kids will have to confront. Loxton’s inadequate reply was unavoidable, given the unwritten social rule that religion has a special role in our society. That we are not allowed to criticise religion. Any properly adequate reply would have lead to people being ’offended’ and campaigns to exclude the book for schools.
So perhaps the best advice is that he gave — kids should discuss this with family and friends. I think there are many things in this book which will raise further questions in the reader’s minds. Maybe it’s religion, the way fossils are formed, how life began, the age of the earth or universe. If this leads to discussions with family, friends and teachers — great. It’s all part of education.
So, I can highly recommend this book. It will be a great gift for the target age group — but even some of us older ’kids’ could probably learn from this short clearly written and beautifully illustrated book.
That’s my opinion. Now I must pass it on to my 9 year-old granddaughter and get her reaction.
Evolution: How we and al living things came to be – available from Fishpond.co.nz.
forgoodreason Interview with Loxton about the book
Skeptics’ Guide to the Universe Interviews Daniel loxton