Genomics Aotearoa

How does epigenetics fit in? - Genomics Aotearoa

Dec 14, 2018

Greg Jones The study of epigenetics could well be a key tool in transforming valuable genomic information into useful health outcomes for New Zealanders. But what is epigenetics and why is it important? Epigenetics is the influence of genetic susceptibility combined with the complex interactions of each individual’s environment over their lifetime. An individual’s epigenome is a dynamic personalised profile of environmental stress exposures, influenced by things like diet, gut microbiota, toxin and drug exposure, psychological and physical stressors and levels of activity throughout life. The field of epigenetics could have an important role in precision medicine – an emerging approach for disease management that tailors treatment to the individual, based on their genes and environment. Measuring the epigenetic changes that occur in diseases, including cancer and heart disease, provides an understanding of the underlying mechanisms. This insight can then … Read More