Associate Professor Nick Wilson, Dr Peter Gallagher
We have assembled a collection of 35 high quality movies as part of public health teaching for medical students. In this blog post we detail the movies and reflect on some of the aspects that make them both educational and entertaining.
A systematic selection process was used for generating the initial batch of movies, though in the last few years additions have been more opportunistic. Nevertheless, all the movies cover public health issues and also achieve a minimum level of entertainment value. That is, nearly all have a score of at least 7 out of 10 on the movie website “Rotten Tomatoes”. DVDs of all these movies have been made freely available to students and staff from our medical school library (University of Otago, Wellington) and the medical students have a semi-structured classroom session involving those movies they self-selected for viewing (for details on the teaching aspects see these publications: (1-4). However, members of the public can find nearly all these movies at DVD rental outlets and websites that have online payments for viewing.
Movies on infectious diseases and pandemics
These movies include And the Band Played On (1993), Contagion (2011), How to Survive a Plague (2012), Milk (2008), and Miss Evers’ Boys (1997). Despite being made in 1993, And the Band Played On remains a great movie and it shows many of the important aspects of how a society grapples with an emerging disease (i.e., the early days of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United Sates). And relating to this same epidemic is the much more recent How to Survive a Plague. It vividly shows the power of well organised citizens in speeding up the response by government agencies and the pharmaceutical industry to making new treatments available. It is one of the most inspiring movies in the collection.
Nutrition and food systems
With the obesity epidemic and the high burden of non-communicable diseases globally, movies on nutrition and food systems are very relevant. They include: Fed Up (2014), Food, Inc. (2008), King Corn (2007), and Super Size Me (2004). The most informative documentaries are Fed Up and Food, Inc. but Super Size Me is certainly the most entertaining movie on this topic (albeit in a somewhat absurd way).
Climate change and energy
Climate change is a key international health issue and the selected movies on this theme include Carbon Nation (2010), Chasing Ice (2012), Climate Change (2006), Hot Air (2014), An Inconvenient Truth (2006), and Who Killed the Electric Car? (2006). From a NZ perspective on the topic, Hot Air is very informative with a wide range of local interviewees. Also informative, and with a lot of really spectacular photography, is Chasing Ice. Yet a favourite in this group is the “who done it” style documentary Who Killed the Electric Car? This cleverly explores the different players in how the roll out of the electric car in California was stymied.
The classic movie about the tobacco industry is The Insider (1999). A much more quirky – but still fascinating movie is Bright Leaves (2004). It also addresses some of the societal dependence on tobacco farming.
Public policy / corporate power
Movies exploring these themes include: Amazing Grace (2006), Bowling for Columbine (2002), The Corporation (2004), and The Yes Men (2004). The latter is the most amusing, while Amazing Grace dramatically shows the long process around achieving a major social justice goal: the abolition of slavery.
These movies include A Civil Action (1998), Erin Brockovich (2000), Michael Clayton (2007) and The Cove (2009). The first three of these are dramas with star actors (Travolta, Roberts and Clooney respectively) while The Cove is a documentary on the routine killing of dolphins (with provision of dolphin meat that is contaminated with mercury).
Movies on this topic include Born into Brothels (2004), The Constant Gardener (2005), Darwin’s Nightmare (2004), The Motorcycle Diaries (2004), Workingman’s Death (2005). The latter shows how incredibly tough some working conditions can be in some developing countries – though many of the lives in Darwin’s Nightmare are also particularly grim. More uplifting are some of the positive outcomes in Born into Brothels and The Motorcycle Diaries.
And to finish off the collection a range of other movies cover the themes of homelessness: Dark Days (2000); illicit drug policy: Traffic (2000); and nuclear disarmament: Countdown to Zero (2010). This last movie reminds us of the persisting threat from these weapons that continue in the arsenals of nine countries – often with on-going processes of modernisation and expansion.
The links to the movies in this blog post provide more detail of the public health themes in them and links to more detailed descriptions (eg, Wikipedia sites) and movie trailers on YouTube. If you are tempted to check some out – we suspect you will find them both interesting and entertaining.
- Gallagher P, Wilson N, Edwards R, Cowie R, Baker MG: A pilot study of medical student attitudes to, and use of, commercial movies that address public health issues. BMC Res Notes 2011, 4:111.
- Gallagher P, Wilson N, Jaine R: The efficient use of movies in a crowded curriculum. Clin Teach 2014, 11:88-93.
- Wilson N, Cowie R, Baker MG, Howden-Chapman P: Movies for use in public health training: a pilot method for movie selection and initial results. Medical teacher 2010, 32(3):270-271.
- Wilson N, Gallagher P, Schutte M: Movies with public health themes at a medical school library: interest and uptake. N Z Med J 2011, 124(1329):101-103.