Tagged: Alcohol

Quality matters: alcohol edition - The Dismal Science

Eric Crampton Aug 23, 2017

I’ve noted John Gibson’s work showing that standard demand estimation techniques overestimate the price elasticity of demand for sugary drinks, and consequently overestimate the effects of soda taxes. Gibson shows that, because most empirical work uses household expenditure on the product category divided by some measure of average price, that work bunches together consumer shifts along both quality and quantity … Read More

More evidence on alcohol, health and the ‘J-curve’ - The Dismal Science

Eric Crampton Aug 18, 2017

Another study out on the alcohol-health J-curve. This one uses 13 linked waves of the US National Health Interview Survey series, 1997 to 2009, to look at all-cause mortality, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and drinking.* Lifetime abstainers are taken as baseline, so there is no sick-quitter confound. There could be confounding if those with poor health never begin drinking, … Read More

Comparing technology to drugs isn’t simply a question of addiction - Guest Work

Guest Work Jul 11, 2017

Greg Wadley, University of Melbourne Some experts say technologies such as social media and video games are like drugs. Others disagree. This debate is really about whether technologies are addictive. But the defining property of a psychoactive drug is not “addictiveness”, but the ability to change a user’s mental and emotional state. This ability – … Read More

Doctors and nurses can’t always tell if someone’s drunk or on drugs, and misdiagnosis can be dangerous - Guest Work

Guest Work Jul 05, 2017

Lauren Monds, Research Fellow in Addiction Medicine, Research Officer in Forensic Psychology, University of Sydney and Celine van Golde, Associate Lecturer in Forensic Psychology, University of Sydney Bob has arrived at the emergency department at 10am on a Tuesday after breaking several fingers slamming his hand in a car door. Bob is quite anxious; he … Read More

Yes, alcohol awareness campaigns like Dry July can work, but not for everyone - Guest Work

Guest Work Jul 03, 2017

Julie Robert, Senior lecturer, School of International Studies, University of Technology Sydney Giving up alcohol for a month might help you feel better in the short term, but no-one knows if taking part in these campaigns promotes long-term healthy drinking habits. July on the doorstep means many people will be taking their last drinks until August. Australia’s … Read More

Alcohol access and harms in the military - The Dismal Science

Eric Crampton Jun 29, 2017

A large sample study of American enlisted soldiers, who turned 21 while enlisted, found large increases in alcohol consumption at the birthday but no increase in harms consequent to that consumption: no meaningful effect on suicidal tendencies, depression, tobacco use, physical fitness, psychological health, deployability, smoking, or job-related infractions. Recall too that, following Boes & Stillman, the RDD … Read More

Reducing the alcohol purchase age and risky driving - The Dismal Science

Eric Crampton Mar 07, 2017

Reducing the alcohol purchase age from 20 to 18 did not increase the number of road accidents. If anything, risky driving dropped for a while. Stefan Boes and Steve Stillman have updated their earlier work (noted here) on New Zealand’s alcohol purchase age to bring in some more recent accident data to allow for longer term trends. It’s … Read More

Maybe moderate drinking isn’t so good for you after all - Guest Work

Guest Work Feb 04, 2017

By Andy Towers, Massey University We generally assume moderate drinking (two standard drinks per day) is good for our health. This idea comes from studies over the past three decades showing moderate drinkers are healthier and less likely to die prematurely than those who drink more, less, or don’t drink at all. I would be glad if this … Read More