Remember the story of the West German auto exec who, after touring the Trabant plant, wept because the value of the steel and other inputs going in exceeded the value of the car coming out? The Trabant plant was destroying value.
For those who don’t know it, the story comes from a World Bank publication, Transition: a newsletter of the World Bank, Number 5-6, May-June 1996, page 15:
With a view to corporate takeover Volkswagen AG sent a Herr Heuss to Zwickau to find out how the Trabant (relatively cheap, East German cars) were made there. He emerged shocked from the huge plant, babbling “My God!” The Trabant operation was value-subtracting: valuable material, labor, and capital inputs went in at one end; shabby Trabies came out at the other, their bodies made from compacted trash. The final output was worth less than the sum of the inputs. What was not fully understood at the time was that East Germany’s whole economy was value-subtracting and cost-unconscious.
I still can’t get my head round the idea that “production” is value decreasing! But its something to keep in mind when there are those who would have the government take a much greater role in running the economy and owning firms. It doesn’t doesn’t always end well.